Are You Ready for Flea and Tick Season?
Although fleas and ticks can survive in any kind of weather, their numbers become much more prevalent in the spring. If you don’t already practice year-round flea and tick prevention, now is the time to start. As the parasites become more abundant with the higher temperatures, it’s important to know the symptoms of flea and tick infestation so you can seek immediate treatment for your pet.
The wingless flea can live anywhere from two weeks to 12 months. They are so tiny that people typically can’t see them. Even so, they can jump up to two feet and they require a living host such as your pet to survive and to reproduce. Your dog or cat may have fleas if you notice any of the following:
- Biting, scratching, or licking more than usual
- Droppings that look like tiny white eggs or grains of sand embedded in your pet’s fur
- Hot spots and scabs
- Loss of fur
- Pale gums
- Tapeworm present in the feces
A tick is a blood-sucking parasite that most often attaches itself to the ears, feet, head, or neck of an animal host. Because they live in grass, on trees, and in tall bushes, it’s easy for them to jump and land on your pet’s body without you being aware of it. Even pets who don’t normally go outside aren’t completely safe from ticks since they can get into the house on another pet or on a person’s body.
Preventing Fleas and Ticks
It's a good idea to mow your lawn frequently, pick up yard waste, and keep bushes trimmed short. You can check for fleas with a special comb and complete the tick check that we recommended above as well. If you want to take a proactive approach, wash your pet’s toys and beddings in hot water weekly even if you’re not sure that fleas or ticks have gotten into the house.
Our veterinarians would be happy to recommend a specific parasite control product if you’re not sure which one is best for your pet. For your convenience, we also carry several flea and tick prevention products in our online store.
Welcome to Pet Dental Health Month
At Battletown Animal Clinic, we know that you take great care of your pet already. You bring him in for routine check-ups, feed him nutritious food, groom him, and make sure that he gets plenty of exercise. Despite this, you could be overlooking caring for his teeth and gums. Oral health is just as important for our pets as it is for us.
Did you know that approximately 80 percent of dogs and cats have some degree of periodontal disease by the time they turn three? Also known as gum disease, periodontal disease happens when plaque, tartar, and bacteria accumulate on your dog or cat’s teeth and attack her gum tissues. Besides regular brushing, selecting a pet food with a high concentration of protein and meat with little or no artificial fillers can help to slow or prevent the development of gum disease. Pets who already have severe tooth decay may need a dental-specific diet.
These symptoms are common to periodontal disease in pets:
- Excessive drooling
- Persistent bad breath
- Reluctance to eat and/or difficulty chewing food
- Staining on the teeth
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Antifreeze is Poisonous to Your Pet
Antifreeze is a wonderful invention. After all, it helps your car start on the coldest days of a Virginia winter. It also helps ice to melt on the windshield of your car and is an important part of hydraulic brake fluid. It’s easy for you to tell the difference between antifreeze and water, but that isn’t the case for your dog or cat. Not only does it look like water to pets, it also attracts them due to its sweet smell.
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Protect Your Dog from Distemper
Canine distemper is such a serious disease that Virginia law requires dog owners to vaccinate against it. While you may have heard plenty about rabies, it’s possible that you have never heard about a dog with distemper. The disease attacks the respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal systems of dogs and is highly contagious as well. That’s why getting your dog vaccinated on time is so essential.
Symptoms and Transmission of Canine Distemper
A dog who already has the disease can pass it along through her urine, saliva, or blood. If your unvaccinated dog shares a food dish with a dog infected with distemper, she could pick it up that easily. Inhaling sneeze droplets is another common method of transmission. Unfortunately, the distemper virus travels quickly once your dog has acquired it. Typical symptoms of distemper include:
- Eye discharge
- Nose discharge
- Lack of energy
- Appetite loss
We encourage you to contact Battletown Animal Hospital right away if your dog shows signs of any of the symptoms we listed above. Our veterinarians rely on clinical observation and laboratory testing to make a diagnosis. Currently, no cure exists for canine distemper and we can only treat its symptoms. This could include medication to fight nausea and increasing fluids to keep your dog hydrated. If your dog does receive a diagnosis, you must keep him away from other dogs until he no longer displays any symptoms.
If a mother dog has received a distemper vaccination, her puppies benefit from natural immunity for about the first six weeks. You should plan to get your puppy’s first vaccine no later than nine weeks of age. The vaccine for canine distemper is part of a vaccine that also prevents hepatitis, influenza, adenovirus, and parvovirus that dogs typically receive at their preventive care exam. We recommend that you get the second vaccine dose for your puppy at 12 weeks. After that, she won’t need one until age one and then every three years.
Avoid a Cold Weather Emergency with Your Pet
The average winter temperature in Virginia is 32 degrees, which is also the point of freezing. At Battletown Animal Hospital, we urge you to keep this in mind when your pet spends time outside this winter.
Your pet could potentially develop hypothermia or frostbite if exposed to temperatures below 32 degrees for a long period. You may notice that he shivers uncontrollably, seems weak or lethargic, or bodily tissues appear black or bright red. Frostbite typically occurs on the paw pads, tips of the ears, and the tail. It can lead to hypothermia if not treated, which is the more serious condition. You should contact us right away if the affected areas of your pet’s body become dark instead of reddening as they thaw.
Other Winter Safety Hazards for Pets
Using anti-freeze gives you extra assurance that your car will start on a cold day. The problem is that it looks like water to your pet and has a sweet smell that can entice him to drink it. Make sure that you keep unused anti-freeze on a high shelf in your garage and wipe up any spills right away. Your pet might have consumed anti-freeze if he appears confused, vomits, or drools more than usual.
If you think your pet has hypothermia, has ingested a toxic substance, or is experiencing another type of emergency, please contact Battletown Animal Hospital during regular business hours at 540-955-2171 to request an immediate appointment. After hours, you may call Life Centre at 703-777-5755 or Valley Veterinary Emergency and Referral Service at 540-662-7811.
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